The Neolithic

The Neolithic|
The Neolithic is the second great period of Prehistory and it starts when humans discovered agriculture and farming to grow their own food, instead of just collecting and hunting.

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The Neolithic

Hello friends and welcome to a new Happy Learning video. As we all know the prehistoric period is divided into three important periods. ..the Paleolithic, the Neolithic and the Bronze Age…and today we are going to learn about the Neolithic.

The Neolithic started 8 million years before Christ, and it was then when we discovered agriculture and farming and it finishes 5.000 years before Christ with the beginning of the Bronze Age.

Both men and woman in the Neolithic period were able to produce food by cultivating the land and domesticating animals. One can say they were the first farmers and agriculturalist of our history, better yet, prehistory.
As they had to look after their crops and animals, they constructed small villages and began to settle in them permanently, meaning they transformed into sedentary, not like the Paleolithic who were nomads because they were constantly traveling.
The first Neolithic settlements were situated in very futile lands, near rivers so that they could access water easily both needed for their crops as well as allowing their animals to drink. You know how important water is in our life!
The first plants that were cultivated were cereals, such as wheat, or pulses like chickpeas…But do you know which were the first animals to be domesticated?…Well it was dogs, goats, sheep and pigs.
During the Neolithic era many interesting things were invented such as ceramic and fabric but the most important invention was, without a doubt the wheel…Today, in the 21st century, we still use the wheel for loads of different things as you can see in these images…

Truth is, it is absolutely fascinating learning about the past and where things have come from, don’t you think?

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